News Release

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

DATE: September 21, 1999 CONTACT: Jeff Hadland
NO: 00-13 PHONE: (907) 465-6031

Labor Department Estimates Alaska's 1999 Population

Alaska's statewide population increased by 0.8% or 4,900 persons for the period July 1, 1998 to July 1, 1999, according to population estimates released today by the Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development. The number of people living in the state climbed from a revised 1998 population estimate of 617,082 to a provisional 1999 estimate of 622,000. Alaska's growth was slower than the 1.0% growth rate for the U.S. as a whole.

Since the 1990 census, Alaska's population increased 13.1% or 71,957 persons. On an average annual basis, the rate of growth was 1.3% during the nine-year period. Alaska's most rapid growth in this decade occurred during the 1990-93 period.

After a brief upturn in population growth in 1997-98, Alaska has returned to the decade's pattern of population growth slowed by net migration out of the state. Out migration this last year was large enough to offset a third of Alaska's natural increase.

Natural increase (births minus deaths) between July 1, 1998 and July 1, 1999 added 7,300 persons to Alaska's population. (See Table 1.) Almost 2,400 more persons left Alaska than migrated in. Since 1990, natural increase added 83,621 to Alaska's population, while net migration has accounted for an overall loss of 521 persons.

Fourteen of Alaska's 27 boroughs and census areas lost population during the last year. (See Table 2.) The largest population increases occurred in the Municipality of Anchorage, Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Fairbanks North Star Borough, Kenai Peninsula Borough, Kodiak, Bethel, North Slope, and Juneau Borough. These eight boroughs accounted for 82.9% of the state's population, and enough population increase to outweigh losses in other areas since mid-1998.

The Southeast region had an overall decline, with a natural increase of 595, and a net migration of -1,052. Population loss from the closure of the Ketchikan pulp mill, lower levels of timber harvesting and a contraction of the private sector contributed to the decline. Only Juneau and Haines grew, primarily due to natural increase.

Migration out of Southwestern Alaska was strong. Evidence indicates that this flow is from rural villages to urban centers. If not for natural increase, this region's population would have declined over the year. Factors such as disappointing earnings from commercial fishing and scarce local employment opportunities may underlie this pattern.

All areas in the Gulf Coast region experienced modest growth. Migration to the region was positive, but natural increase was the main growth factor. A relatively stable economy helps sustain growth.

Government spending cuts and lower gold prices have hurt Northern and Interior Alaska. All of Northern and Interior Alaska, except the North Slope Borough, had out-migration. Fairbanks North Star Borough, North Slope Borough and Northwest Arctic Borough continued to grow through natural increase.

Only Anchorage and Matanuska-Susitna Boroughs added a substantial number of persons between 1998-99, accounting for almost 75 percent of statewide growth. Anchorage had a net migration loss and grew primarily through natural increase. The Mat-Su Borough was the only area of the state to grow primarily through in-migration. Mat-Su's growth rate of 2.8% was the fastest of any area of the state between July 1998 and July 1999. Most of the migration to Mat-Su came from the Municipality of Anchorage.

Table 3
Population of Places over 1,000, 1990-1999

Area Name

City
Rank
1999
Place
Rank
1999
July 1
1999
Total
July 1
1998
Total
July 1
1997
Total
July 1
1996
Total
July 1
1995
Total
July 1
1994
Total
July 1
1993
Total
July 1
1992
Total
July 1
1991
Total
April 1
1990
Total
1990-1999
Change Average
Annual
Rate of
Change
Anchorage, Municipality of (incl. Eklutna*) 1 1 259,391 257,260 254,752 253,234 252,729 253,503 249,440 244,111 235,626 226,338 33,053 1.5%
Fairbanks city 2 2 31,697 31,528 31,697 31,431 32,284 32,474 33,049 32,961 32,589 30,843 854 0.3%
Juneau City/Borough 3 3 30,189 30,021 29,713 29,230 28,700 28,454 28,448 28,253 27,579 26,751 3,438 1.3%
College CDP   4 12,122 12,042 11,595 11,875 11,917 12,025 11,896 11,665 11,338 11,249 873 0.8%
Sitka City/Borough 4 5 8,681 8,722 8,708 8,650 8,868 8,941 9,083 9,059 8,878 8,588 93 0.1%
Ketchikan city 5 6 8,320 8,402 8,507 8,666 8,616 8,698 8,748 8,681 8,499 8,263 57 0.1%
Kenai city 6 7 7,005 6,960 6,927 6,918 6,917 6,871 6,741 6,708 6,528 6,327 678 1.1%
Kodiak city 7 8 6,893 6,790 6,739 6,837 7,098 7,215 7,143 7,094 6,600 6,365 528 0.9%
Sterling CDP   9 6,138 5,878 5,677 5,383 4,934 4,629 4,408 4,507 3,941 3,802 2,336 5.1%
Bethel city * 8 10 5,471 5,446 5,297 5,077 5,071 5,046 4,957 4,817 4,753 4,674 797 1.7%
Meadow Lakes CDP   11 5,232 4,829 4,685 4,661 4,530 4,340 4,132 3,849 2,984 2,374 2,858 8.1%
Wasilla city 9 12 5,213 5,103 4,872 4,685 4,577 4,471 4,314 4,264 4,148 4,028 1,185 2.8%
Eielson AFB CDP   13 4,751 4,935 4,448 5,605 4,329 4,277 4,711 3,787 5,874 5,251 -500 -1.1%
Barrow city * 10 14 4,438 4,374 4,359 4,253 4,178 4,084 3,938 3,799 3,606 3,469 969 2.6%
Unalaska city * 11 15 4,178 4,270 4,225 4,089 3,939 3,939 3,835 3,686 3,365 3,089 1,089 3.2%
Valdez city 12 16 4,164 4,123 4,138 4,194 4,305 4,269 4,253 4,108 3,996 4,068 96 0.3%
Homer city 13 17 4,154 4,128 4,068 4,008 3,965 3,940 3,850 3,788 3,700 3,660 494 1.4%
Palmer city 14 18 4,151 4,084 3,899 3,777 3,697 3,607 3,209 3,039 3,008 2,866 1,285 4.0%
Soldotna city 15 19 4,140 4,127 4,039 3,973 3,921 3,835 3,739 3,698 3,632 3,482 658 1.9%
Nome city 16 20 3,615 3,649 3,568 3,514 3,505 3,544 3,613 3,674 3,540 3,500 115 0.3%
Petersburg city 17 21 3,415 3,399 3,410 3,388 3,310 3,261 3,307 3,314 3,282 3,207 208 0.7%
Nikiski CDP   22 3,038 3,018 3,004 2,998 2,998 2,979 2,923 2,909 2,830 2,743 295 1.1%
Seward city 18 23 3,010 3,028 2,996 2,891 2,917 2,965 2,886 2,878 2,856 2,699 311 1.2%
Kotzebue city * 19 24 2,932 2,942 2,907 2,827 2,876 2,904 2,969 2,927 2,786 2,751 181 0.7%
Butte CDP   25 2,699 2,653 2,536 2,447 2,385 2,310 2,408 2,206 2,111 2,039 660 3.0%
Wrangell city 20 26 2,549 2,560 2,541 2,618 2,698 2,754 2,691 2,716 2,590 2,479 70 0.3%
Cordova city (incl. Eyak* since 1993) 21 27 2,435 2,534 2,492 2,523 2,508 2,557 2,573 2,149 2,140 2,110 325 1.5%
Ridgeway CDP   28 2,382 2,375 2,334 2,297 2,560 2,222 2,167 2,145 2,105 2,018 364 1.8%
Dillingham city * 22 29 2,302 2,318 2,248 2,223 2,179 2,156 2,192 2,130 2,118 2,017 285 1.4%
Big Lake CDP   30 2,162 2,195 2,229 2,120 2,044 1,858 1,732 1,753 1,570 1,477 685 4.1%
Craig city * 23 31 2,136 2,144 2,041 2,062 1,900 1,798 1,695 1,413 1,415 1,260 876 5.6%
Fritz Creek CDP   32 2,097 1,981 1,979 1,879 1,744 1,595 1,491 1,456 1,348 1,426 671 4.1%
Kodiak Station CDP   33 1,831 1,686 1,723 2,063 2,335 2,325 1,982 2,096 1,286 2,025 -194 -1.1%
Haines city (Incl. Chilkoot*) 24 34 1,775 1,454 1,417 1,387 1,338 1,380 1,349 1,308 1,305 1,238 537 3.9%
North Pole city 25 35 1,616 1,588 1,618 1,504 1,534 1,548 1,458 1,497 1,465 1,456 160 1.1%
Metlakatla CDP   36 1,472 1,502 1,523 1,563 1,522 1,520 1,518 1,531 1,489 1,407 65 0.5%
Tok CDP *   37 1,235 1,217 1,202 1,205 1,186 1,136 1,121 1,112 1,034 935 300 3.0%
Anchor Point CDP   38 1,227 1,207 1,131 1,106 1,090 1,062 1,045 986 905 866 361 3.7%
Salamatof CDP *   39 1,122 1,123 1,130 1,007 1,075 1,026 1,011 970 1,031 999 123 1.3%
Lazy Mountain CDP   40 1,109 1,090 1,042 1,006 980 949 990 906 868 838 271 3.0%
Hooper Bay city * 26 41 1,028 1,032 1,015 993 982 949 920 906 879 845 183 2.1%
Fort Greely CDP   69 635 684 721 809 915 960 1,133 1,060 1,200 1,289 -654 -7.3%
Adak Station CDP   220 106 7 0 546 601 627 4,017 4,583 4,665 4,633 -4,527 -20.7%
CDP-Census Designated Place
*Alaska Native Village Statistical Area

Source: Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Research and Analysis Section.

Population estimates for boroughs, census areas and more than 300 urban and rural places are available on the Research and Analysis Internet site at:

http://www.labor.state.ak.us/research/pop/pop.htm


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